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COUNSELLING FOR SURVIVORS OF SEXUAL ABUSE

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)

CBT aims to treat problems by using a “Here and now” approach: this means focusing on the problems you have now, and how you can begin to change them immediately. This is acheived by formulating an understanding of the interaction between your thoughts, feelings and behaviour. This process can be achieved by keeping a daily diary as a means to helping identify where problems lie on a day to day basis. Once this is achieved, we embark on practicing change by teaching you to change how you think, and carrying out new ways of behaving.

CBT is a way of talking about:

  • How you think about yourself, the world, and other people
  • What you do, directly affects your thoughts and feelings

How does it work?

CBT can help you make sense of overwhelming problems by breaking them down into smaller parts. This makes it easier to see how they are connected and how they affect you. these parts are:

  • Situation - a problem, event or difficult situation
  • Thoughts
  • Emotions
  • Physical feelings
  • Actions

Each of these areas can affect the other. How you think about your problem can affect how you feel physically and emotionally. It can also alter what you do about it.There are helpful and unhelpful ways of reacting to most situations, depending on how you think about them. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy has been found to be helpful in treating many conditions including:

  • Sexual physical and emotional abuse
  • Depression and mood swings
  • Shyness and social anxiety
  • Panic attacks and phobias
  • Obsessions and compulsions (OCD and related conditions)
  • Anxiety
  • Eating disorders (anorexia and bulimia) and obesity
  • Insomnia and other sleep problems
  • Difficulty establishing or staying in relationships
  • Workplace bullying
  • Insufficient self-esteem (accepting or respecting yourself)
  • Inadequate coping skills, or ill-chosen methods of coping.
  • Substance abuse, co-dependency